Google New reCaptcha I am not a robot using asp .net

In this article we will learn how to use Google's new Recaptcha "I am not a robot" in asp .net with code behind implementation. reCaptcha is a free service offered by google which helps to fight against bots and spams. Google has launched a new version of reCaptcha which is very secure and good looking from previous versions. 
 

Lets create a simple application in asp .net to implement google's new reCaptcha.

Step1: First of all you need to register your application at google's reCaptcha website. Click on Get reCAPTCHA button. 

Step2: Login with your existing account or register for google's account. 

Step3: Register a new site. 

Note: If you need to test reCaptcha on your localhost. Add localhost in domains section. After Registration you will get Site Key and Secret Key.

Google-new-i-am-not-robot-recaptcha-in-asp-net-codingfusion

Step4: Add following code into head section website page.

 


 

 

Step5: Add following code in your website page. Here I have placed Recaptcha, Button to implement server side code and Label to show output.

 

Google-new-i-am-not-robot-recaptcha-in-asp-net 

 

 

When you submit the form using button ReCaptcha will generate a response in this variable:  "g-recaptcha-response". To confirm wether user has verified by the Recaptcha we need to send a GET request to following URL:

https://www.google.com/recaptcha/api/siteverify

Google-new-i-am-not-robot-recaptcha-in-asp-net-codingfusion

 

Step5: Server side code. 

1) Add following Name spaces:

 

 

    using System.Runtime.Serialization;
    using System.Text;
    using System.Net;
    using System.Runtime.Serialization.Json;
    using System.IO;

 

 

2) Create Class to get JSON response.

 

    [DataContract]
    public class RecaptchaApiResponse
    {
        [DataMember(Name = "success")]
        public bool Success;

        [DataMember(Name = "error-codes")]
        public List ErrorCodes;     } 

 

 

You will get response in folowing JSON format.

Google-new-i-am-not-robot-recaptcha-in-asp-net


Here is a list of error codes:

Google-new-i-am-not-robot-recaptcha-in-asp-net-codingfusion
 

 3) Create Method to collect IP Address of the user(Optional).

 

 //--- To get user IP(Optional)
    private string GetUserIp()
    {
        var visitorsIpAddr = string.Empty;

        if (Request.ServerVariables["HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR"] != null)
        {
            visitorsIpAddr = Request.ServerVariables["HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR"];
        }
        else if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(Request.UserHostAddress))
        {
            visitorsIpAddr = Request.UserHostAddress;
        }

        return visitorsIpAddr;
    }

 

 

4) Button Click Event.

 

 

  protected void btnValidateReCaptcha_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        //start building recaptch api call
        var sb = new StringBuilder();
        sb.Append("https://www.google.com/recaptcha/api/siteverify?secret=");

        //our secret key
        var secretKey = "6LeXygATAAAAAKJNnxLEg42upS0LkCwani5g12XV";
        sb.Append(secretKey);

        //response from recaptch control
        sb.Append("&");
        sb.Append("response=");
        var reCaptchaResponse = Request["g-recaptcha-response"];
        sb.Append(reCaptchaResponse);

        //client ip address
        //---- This Ip address part is optional. If you donot want to send IP address you can
        //---- Skip(Remove below 4 lines)
        sb.Append("&");
        sb.Append("remoteip=");
        var clientIpAddress = GetUserIp();
        sb.Append(clientIpAddress);

        //make the api call and determine validity
        using (var client = new WebClient())
        {
            var uri = sb.ToString();
            var json = client.DownloadString(uri);
            var serializer = new DataContractJsonSerializer(typeof(RecaptchaApiResponse));
            var ms = new MemoryStream(Encoding.Unicode.GetBytes(json));
            var result = serializer.ReadObject(ms) as RecaptchaApiResponse;

            //--- Check if we are able to call api or not.
            if (result == null)
            {
                lblForMessage.Text = "Captcha was unable to make the api call";
            }
            else // If Yes
            {
                //api call contains errors
                if (result.ErrorCodes != null)
                {
                    if (result.ErrorCodes.Count > 0)
                    {
                        foreach (var error in result.ErrorCodes)
                        {
                            lblForMessage.Text = "reCAPTCHA Error: " + error;
                        }
                    }
                }
                else //api does not contain errors
                {
                    if (!result.Success) //captcha was unsuccessful for some reason
                    {
                        lblForMessage.Text = "Captcha did not pass, please try again.";
                    }
                    else //---- If successfully verified. Do your rest of logic.
                    {
                        lblForMessage.Text = "Captcha cleared ";
                    }
                }

            }

        }
    }

 

 

Final Output:


Google-new-i-am-not-robot-recaptcha-in-asp-net-codebehind

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